How to Setup NTP Server on CentOS/RHEL 7/6/5

How to Setup NTP Server on CentOS/RHEL 7/6/5

In this tutorial I will show you, how to setup NTP Server on CentOS/RHEL 7/6/5 servers.

Network Time Protocol (NTP) is used to synchronize system clocks of different hosts over network. Most companies will have a local NTP server that they keep in sync with an external timing source and then they have all of their internal servers sync their time with that machine. In this setup we will configure Linux system as NTP sever.

Install the NTP Packages

NTP server package is provided by CentOS/RHEL default repositories and can be installed using yum command.

# yum install ntp

Configure NTP Server

If you have lots of server in the environment and this we will use NTP servers to synchronize time by the ISP or the Public time located at ntp.org. We suggest to use any near by servers also. You can find nearby servers at NTP Public Pool Time Servers (http://www.pool.ntp.org/en/).

# vim /etc/ntp.conf
server 0.asia.pool.ntp.org iburst
server 1.asia.pool.ntp.org iburst
server 2.asia.pool.ntp.org iburst
server 3.asia.pool.ntp.org iburst
 

Allow LAN Systems

Now, you need to allow clients from your networks to synchronize time with this server. To do it add following entry in configuration file

# vim /etc/ntp.conf
restrict 192.168.5.0 mask 255.255.255.0 nomodify notrap

Enable NTP Log

In case there are problems with your NTP daemon add a log file statement which will record all NTP server issues. Add the following content as below.

# vim /etc/ntp.conf
logfile /var/log/ntp.log

Add Firewall Rules

NTP server listen on UDP port 123. If you are using iptables of server then run the following command.
CentOS/RHEL 7

# firewall-cmd --add-service=ntp --permanent
# firewall-cmd --reload

CentOS/RHEL 6/5

# iptables -A INPUT -s 192.168.1.0/24 -p udp --dport 123 -j ACCEPT
# iptables -A INPUT -p udp --dport 123 -j DROP

Restart NTP Server

After all NTP configuration, Let’s restart NTP server using following commands.

CentOS/RHEL 7

# systemctl start ntpd
# systemctl enable ntpd

CentOS/RHEL 6/5

# service ntpd start
# chkconfig ntpd on

Verify Configuration

You can verify the configuration using below command.

# ntpq -p
# date -R

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